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EHRC Report on welfare changes on women and other groups

https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/publication-download/impact-tax-and-welfare-reforms-between-2010-and-2017-interim-report

FPSW highlights these extracts from the report, which shows the equality regulator confirming analyses of many non-governmental organisations.

"Our findings show that the overall impact of policy decisions taken between 2010 and 2017 is regressive."

"Overall our analysis, while subject to further refinement, shows clearly that a range of people who share certain protected characteristics will be significantly adversely impacted by these reforms:"

"• Lone parents lose around 15% of their net income on average – almost £1 in every £6. By contrast, the losses for all other family groups are much smaller, from nothing to 8%, especially for those that are relatively well-off.

• Women lose more than men from reforms at every income level. Overall, women lose around £940 per year on average, more than double the losses of around £460 for men."

 

In cash terms, those in the bottom half of income distribution, lose more than those in the top 10 per cent. The contrast is even more striking for policy decisions taken in the 2015-17 Parliament (the impacts of which are for the most part, we believe, still to come). The evidence from our investigation show that the reforms we have examined will actually boost the incomes of the top fifth of those surveyed, while substantially reducing those in the bottom half. Overall our analysis, while subject to further refinement, shows clearly that a range of people who share certain protected characteristics will be significantly adversely impacted by these reforms:

• Ethnic minority households will be more adversely impacted than White households, with average losses for Black households about 5% of net income – more than double that for White households. 

• Households with one or more disabled member will be significantly more adversely impacted than those with no disabled members. On average, tax and benefit changes on families with a disabled adult will reduce their income by about £2,500 per year; if the family also includes a disabled child, the impact will be over £5,500 per year. This compares to a reduction of about £1,000 on nondisabled families.

• Lone parents lose around 15% of their net income on average – almost £1 in every £6. By contrast, the losses for all other family groups are much smaller, from nothing to 8%, especially for those that are relatively well-off.

• Women lose more than men from reforms at every income level. Overall, women lose around £940 per year on average, more than double the losses of around £460 for men.

• The biggest average losses by age group, across men and women, are experienced by the 65-74 age group (average losses of around £1,450 per year) and the 35-44 age group (average losses of around £1,250 per year)